The saga of Caroline Springs railway station

All over Melbourne’s growth areas, new railway stations are a commonly requested big ticket item. So how often does something get done about it?

Signals and darkened skies at Deer Park

For the western suburb of Caroline Springs, that call was answered in the ‘Victorian Transport Plan’ released in November 2008, which committed to the following:

$220 million for new stations in growth areas including Williams Landing and Caroline Springs in the west, Cardinia Road and Lynbrook in the south-east, starting in 2010.

Unlike most government transport plans that get forgotten after a few years, in July 2009 the Minister for Public Transport issued a media release stating that design work for the new stations had commenced:

Public Transport Minister Lynne Kosky said construction of the four new stations announced in the $38 billion Victorian Transport Plan would start next year.

“Access to public transport services for communities in Melbourne’s growth areas will be dramatically improved with the construction of these four new stations at Lynbrook, Williams Landing, Cardinia Road and Caroline Springs.

“With construction of the new stations to begin in 2010, the design of the four new stations has been packaged together to deliver maximum efficiencies in both the design and construction phase, while also minimising impacts on the train network.”

The design of the new station at Caroline Springs was revealed in a media release dated June 2010, so the “stating construction next year” promise given in 2009 by the former Minister for Public Transport was still achievable:

Minister for Public Transport, Martin Pakula, has unveiled designs for the new train station for Caroline Springs, marking an important milestone for the project.

“The new station for Caroline Springs will be a functional and modern space, enhancing passenger safety and security with closed circuit camera security surveillance throughout the facility.

“There will be bicycle facilities, a taxi rank and bus stops, making it easier for those who use different modes of travel to get to and from the station.

Member for Kororoit Marlene Kairouz said that new V/Line station will be welcomed by the growing community as they will no longer have to travel to other stations to catch a train.

“The new station for Caroline Springs will service a population that is expected to grow to nearly 25,000 within the next 10 years and also reduce congestion at neighbouring railway stations,” Ms Kairouz.

The site selected was south of the actual suburb of Caroline Springs, being located where Christies Road met the railway, to the west of the Deer Park Bypass.

Site of the future Caroline Springs railway station

However the cost to build the new station was criticised by The Age in an article published in August 2010:

New railway stations priced at $20 million each four years ago are now set to cost Victorian taxpayers $55 million each, according to Public Transport Minister Martin Pakula.

Mr Pakula has admitted in a statement to Parliament that the average expected cost of stations the government promised in 2006 at Lynbrook, Williams Landing and Cardinia Road in Pakenham had almost tripled. The three stations, all to be built on existing lines, were initially priced at a total of $60 million, including costs over a decade, in a 2006 plan.

By the time of the 2008 plan – state Labor’s fourth transport strategy in a decade – a fourth proposed station had been added at Caroline Springs, and the total estimated cost of building them all had ballooned to $220 million.

Replying to a question in Parliament from opposition upper house MP Ed O’Donohue on the four stations, Mr Pakula sought to explain the massive price difference by saying the cost put forward in 2006 was “a high-level planning estimate”.

“This figure was a high-level planning estimate and was limited to basic infrastructure costs for the construction of three stations,” Mr Pakula said.

“It did not include a station for Caroline Springs, which is funded in the $220 million package … Additionally, the budget incorporates general cost escalations in the construction industry.”

The 2006 plan mentioned in the article was titled ‘Meeting Our Transport Challenges’ and has since been shoved down the ‘Memory Hole’ – no longer appearing on the websites of the Department of Transport or Public Transport Victoria.

You’d think with only an artists impression released by the government and the cost ballooning, that Caroline Springs station was on shaky ground, but in November 2010 the politicians actually made a trip out to the site in order to turn the first sod on the project:

Work on the new Caroline Springs railway station has begun, even though it’s not in the suburb it’s meant to serve.

Public Transport Minister Martin Pakula was last week joined by Kororoit state Labor MP Marlene Kairouz to turn the first sod at the V/Line station, at the southern end of Christies Rd in Ravenhall.

Mr Pakula said delivering a new train station near Caroline Springs was important in serving the local community, expected to grow to nearly 25,000 within 10 years.

“The station, due to open in 2012, will serve current and future public transport needs and help people access jobs, study and also stay connected with family and friends,” he said.

The new station will be on the Melton line between Rockbank and Deer Park stations, about 1km south of Caroline Springs.

The government also launched the customary yet pointless ‘choose the station name’ competition:

The State Government has so far received more than 200 entries for a competition to name the new station but has yet to announce a winner.

By February 2011 work on the access road to the new station was well underway.

Access road under construction to the side of the new station

But the change of government at the 2010 State Election led to the rest of the project being shelved:

In Caroline Springs, a road has been built to where the new $55 million railway station was intended to go. But the station project, like so many others in the state, is in limbo with no start date in sight. The road leads to empty paddocks

Melton shire mayor Justin Mammarella branded the connection to the Caroline Springs railway station a “road to nowhere”.
“It is ironic that the current state government has commenced works on the road extension … but has placed the construction of the station on hold,” he said.

Once the road was completed concrete traffic barriers were placed across it, presumably to stop local hoons from using it as a drag strip.

The completed access road, with concrete traffic barriers preventing local hoons from using it

Fast forward to February 2012 and the buck passing between the two sides of parliament fired up again:

Quizzed on ABC local radio about when the Baillieu government would deliver the station, Mr Baillieu said: “I will have to check on the date, but Caroline Springs obviously there are commitments there, and the timing of that I would have to double check on that.”

When questioned late yesterday, the Baillieu government revealed there was no date for the construction of the station.
Public Transport Minister Terry Mulder said “the previous Labor government failed to allow for sufficient new or upgraded electrical substations for new stations planned as part of its growth area railway station program”.

“Prior to proceeding substantially further with a new railway station at Caroline Springs, the Coalition government is fixing this in relation to the new Cardinia Road [near Pakenham] and Lynbrook [near Cranbourne] stations that will open in 2012.”

Trains that pass through the Caroline Springs station site are diesel powered, not electric, so what has the upgrade of traction power substations have to do with the delays out west? Thankfully someone in parliament took up the issue with Terry Mulder, as recorded in the transcripts of Public Accounts and Estimates Committee’s meeting on May 15, 2013:

Ms HENNESSY — Minister, I have a question about Caroline Springs station. When I go to budget paper 4, page 124, under ‘New stations in growth areas’ I see that funding for Caroline Springs station is pretty conspicuous in its absence, but it was not conspicuous in its absence on PTV’s rail plan, which effectively said it has already been built. What is the go?

Mr MULDER — Okay; what is the go with Caroline Springs. There is a new station planned on the Ballarat line for Caroline Springs. The access road from Deer Park bypass to the station car park at the site has already been constructed. Land has been purchased and detailed design for the station has now been completed. The station is one of four stations that make up the New Stations in Growth Areas program, which also included Lynbrook, Cardinia Road and Williams Landing railway stations. Construction of two new substations has also been added to the scope of the program, because they were left out of the original scope of the program. I think we all understood what happened at Lynbrook and Cardinia Road—there was not enough power to pull trains away from the stations.

Ms HENNESSY — Is there money in the budget to build Caroline Springs railway station, given that the PTV plan says it has already been built?

Mr MULDER — Given that there was a sum allocated to the growth area program, the final accounts for the contractors on Cardinia Road, Lynbrook and Williams Landing stations are in the process of being settled, as I understand, at the moment. That is why the budget is under review. When we came to government there were a number of projects that had massive cost overruns, including projects in that particular program, and PTV is finalising, as we speak, a settlement with some of the contractors over some of the very, very large claims that were laid as a result of the construction of some of those other projects. Ian, would you like to
expand on that?

Mr DOBBS — That is correct. When PTV came into operation we inherited a number of projects that had considerable claims from the contractors. We are now actually in the final stages of concluding those, and we are confident that that will actually leave funds within the budget. But we want to see first of all exactly what those funds are and see whether they can actually, if you like, satisfy the scope of the project as it is—which we have managed to reduce anyway, because we actually looked at the design and found more cost-effective ways of building the stations as well.

Mr MULDER — Yes. I think it is important to understand that we have not stopped. Consultants have been appointed, all the design work has been completed and the project is basically ready to go to tender. We just want to get an understanding: do we have money within the budget for that allocation after we have worked through the cost overruns with the contractors? We have progressed that project.

So in short, the government says the four stations in the Victorian Transport Plan’s “growth area program” had a $220 million bucket of cash to share, and because Lynbrook, Cardinia Road and Williams Landing stations spent most of it, the station at Caroline Springs has been put on hold.

May 2014 update

Still costed at $55 million, it looks like work on Caroline Springs station will start in late 2014. The reason given for the delay is the same one given previously – the current Liberal Government blaming the former Labor Government for cost blowouts in the growth areas stations program.

November 2014 update

V/Line have invited tenders for the construction of a new railway station at Caroline Springs – it closes on 22 January 2015.

June 2015 update

The government announced the BMD Construction had been awarded the contract to build the station, which now features a 350 space car park. At least with the recent changes to Ballarat line timetables following the opening of Regional Rail Link, when Caroline Springs station opens in 2016 it will get a train every half hour off peak!


Regional Rail Link is another rail project now underway near Caroline Springs, and it appears some local residents have confused work on it with the restarting of work at Caroline Springs station, as the minutes of the April 2013 meeting of the Regional Rail Link Community Reference Group show:

Laura-Jo Mellan (Melton Shire, Coordinator Strategic Planning) expressed concern that residents are calling Council as they think that Caroline Springs station is being built where works are occurring at Christies Road. Suggests a letterbox drop or other communication be undertaken.

Deer Park-West Werribee Junction project team to clarify the purpose of Christies Road works to public.

The aforementioned work confusing residents is the extension of the mothballed station access road over the existing Ballarat railway line – the bridge is required to serve the nearby Boral Quarry which will otherwise be isolated when the existing east-west roads are severed by the new Regional Rail Link tracks that will run north-south across them.

Work on extending Christies Road south of the Ballarat line

The Christies Road extension opened on 16 April 2014.


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23 Responses to “The saga of Caroline Springs railway station”

  1. Tom the first and best says:

    Would it not have been cheaper to build a bridge over the RRL, as it is not an operational railway yet?

    • Marcus Wong says:

      Given the extra cost of building something around an active railway line, it would have been cheaper to build a single bridge across a future railway.

      However, in this case things are a bit more complex – this diagram shows the complete set of works:

      Two roads are severed due to the RRL tracks – Riding Boundary Road, and Middle Road – and the main traffic is trucks to/from the Boral quarries on the west side of the tracks.

      With the bridge now being built these trucks will no longer need to drive down Riding Boundary Road to Robinsons Road, and then past residential areas, instead being able to directly access the Western Freeway at the existing Christies Road interchange.

      • Tom the first and best says:

        Only the eastbound trucks from the Quarry (and their westbound trips to the quarry as well) will be able to use the ramps at Christies Rd. Westbound trucks from the quarry (and their eastbound trips to the quarry as well) will have to turn onto (and off) the Western Highway and use the entrance (and exit) just west of Christies Rd.

        Caroline Springs station (possible Ravenhall should have been built a decade or more ago).

        • Marcus Wong says:

          I forgot about the layout of the ramps there – still, the number of trucks passing the residential areas off Robinsons Road will be much less (by comparison the houses at Caroline Springs are a decent way back from Ballarat Road, and there are noise walls)

  2. Andrew says:

    Great work Marcus. But the station is not within walking distance of the densely populated areas. I suppose development will occur around the station in time. Of course though, what station?

    • Marcus Wong says:

      A check of the website suggests that there won’t be any residential development beside Caroline Springs station – it is zoned as a industrial area.

      The left side of the road is 1183-1199 Western Highway, Ravenhall: a mix of Industrial 3 Zone (IN3Z) and Urban Floodway Zone (UFZ).

      The triangle between the Deer Park Bypass and the railway is 6A Christies Road, Ravenhall: Industrial 3 Zone (IN3Z).

      • Tom the first and best says:

        It will obviously need good feeder buses. It will also need suburban trains to reach its patronage potential.

  3. Andrew S says:

    I would assume Caroline Springs got the shaft with the money running out as it would be the least used of the four new stations due to its relatively infrequent ‘country’ services meaning many commuters probably drive to stations on the Sunbury Line now anyway. This (now rather old admittedly) data seems to show this with Ardeer and Deer Park hardly used compared to Ginifer/St Albans/Keilor Plains

    Presumably patronage for the not-quite-suburban services at Tarneit and Wydnham Vale will yield something similar compared to Werribee service

    Given that the overall Melton corridor is earmarked for the urban growth zone I would have thought an upgrade of this line would be up the list of priorities …

    It seems however to be on the never-never tied in with the Melbourne Metro at heavy cost – the old Victorian Transport Plan listed the estimate as $1 billion for the Melton line upgrade.

    • Marcus Wong says:

      I reckon you would be correct about Caroline Springs being the station that would get the least patronage out of the four proposed back in 2008.

      With every second off-peak Ballarat train running express through the psudo-suburban stations, intending passengers get stuck with a useless 2 hour service frequency:

      Electrification to Melton has been proposed for years, but a cheaper interim step would be to run shuttles with existing V/Line rolling stock – with the double track to Caroline Springs and existing crossing loops at Rockbank and Melton a 30 minute service should be possible.

      • Tom the first and best says:

        As part of the Rowville rail study, a plan for the future use of the rail system was released. If featured off-peak Melton services between the Ballarat services.

      • Andrew S says:

        The other unknown with a Melton electrification is what will happen with Bacchus Marsh since some current short services terminate there (albeit beyond suburban ticketing) – would it get a suburban service or a reduced V/Line service?

        • Tom the first and best says:

          It is likely that Bacchus Mrsh will not get a suburban service, even though it should. It may keep the services that start there though.

          • Marcus Wong says:

            You could possibly compare it to Kyneton which is the destination of a number of V/Line short workings during peak times – however those trains serve five stations beyond Sunbury, not a single one like Bacchus Marsh.

  4. Ven says:

    Because of Dirty politics caroline springs is not getting a train station. Until govt changed there were planning to build it…but soon after govt changed they changed the plan. What a democratic system we have got?.

    I don’t really understand how come govt have money to support F1 racing, put a crap no needed MyKi whereas we already got good Metcard system etc…but do not have money to build a train station in much needed area.

    Also, Just to serve nearby Boral Quarry they are wasting lot of money but not for train…why??

    If you ask residents of caroline springs if they are okay to spare 100$ / family for a train station builing I think all families will say yes. then you can build a train station. We do not need a huge building like Southern Cross Station just a normal shed should be okay to start with later they can keep upgrading when ever govt have money…Govt is ran out of ideas…

  5. JJ says:

    Caroline Springs is not getting a train station??? Is it true?

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  9. […] that is as far as the project went for years – work on the station was paused until 2015, with the access road needing to be rebuilt to suit the updated […]

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  12. […] backstory is long and complicated but I’m going to start in November 2010, when politicians turned the first sod on the […]

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