V/Line’s fourth train for Albury – has anything changed?

For almost a decade V/Line’s service to Albury has been a complete and utter joke – marked by three years of full time bus replacements for track upgrades, followed by a revolving door of track and train faults pushing passengers onto buses yet again. The government has promised the public that they are doing something about it, by introducing a fourth train set, but has anything actually changed?

N464 ready to lead the train back south from Albury

Some background

Since the 1960s the railway from Melbourne to Albury consisted of two separate railways – the broad gauge track used by intrastate trains, and a parallel standard gauge track that carried interstate services into New South Wales.

Parlor Car after turning at Wodonga

The problems date back to February 2008, when deteriorating track conditions saw a 80 km/h speed restriction placed on the broad gauge track between Seymour and Albury, forcing V/Line services to terminate at Wangaratta station in order to keep to the timetable.

The ‘fix’ for the problem was the North-East Rail Revitalisation Project – the broad gauge track between Seymour and Albury would be converted to standard gauge and the existing track upgraded, resulting in a ‘brand new’ double track railway. Work started in 2008, with V/Line passengers being put onto buses for three years while work was completed.

Just one problem – V/Line only had broad gauge trains!

N453 now on the standard gauge, beside XR555 at the South Dynon SG turntable

As a result three V/Line locomotives and 15 passenger carriages were converted to the standard gauge, to create a separate pool of trains to operate the services to Albury. This was enough trains to run three return services per day, with one locomotive and one set of carriages in the workshops under repair.

Reality bites

It was soon discovered that a single spare locomotives was not enough to maintain a reliable rail service – so in 2015 the State Government announced that a fourth locomotive would be moved across to the standard gauge fleet to improve reliability.

Extra Locomotive To Make Albury Trains More Reliable
Minister for Public Transport
28 May 2015

The Andrews Labor Government is converting an extra V/Line locomotive to standard gauge to improve the reliability of train services on the Albury line.

There are currently only three standard gauge locomotives available to haul trains on the Albury line. Routine maintenance means one of these locomotives is almost always off-line, leaving only two available to operate the six daily services.

If a second locomotive has to be withdrawn from service due to a fault or damage from an animal strike, there is only one available, meaning services need to be replaced by coaches.

Converting a fourth locomotive to standard gauge will give V/Line the buffer they need to provide more reliable services to Albury line passengers.

The transfer of an additional locomotive from the broad gauge fleet has been made possible by the introduction of a new overnight maintenance regime, which means more trains are available for passenger services.

The improvement to Albury services comes as the Labor Government prepares to launch its Regional Network Development Plan – a long-term strategy to boost capacity, reliability and coverage of the regional public transport network.

Communities in Northern Victoria will be consulted as part of the development of the plan, with consultation to kick off next month.

The additional locomotive is expected to be ready for service on the Albury line by the end of July this year.

Quotes attributable to Minister for Public Transport, Jacinta Allan

“Right now the Albury line is running on the bare minimum of trains. Adding a fourth locomotive will provide the capacity V/Line needs to improve services and make them more reliable.”

“Our Regional Network Development Plan offers an opportunity to further improve services to Albury, and I encourage people to put forward their views during consultation over the coming months.”

Quote attributable to Member for Northern Victoria, Jaclyn Symes

“This is a great announcement for Albury line passengers and I look forward to working with local communities across northern Victoria on a long-term plan for better public transport through the Regional Network Development Plan.”

Unfortunately for the people of North East Victoria, a spare locomotive wasn’t enough to improve their V/Line service, so in 2016 the government decided to shuffle the deck chairs – reconfiguring the existing fleet of three 5-carriage long trains into four 4-carriage long trains.

Work On An Extra Train For The North East Line Begins
Minister for Public Transport
17 October 2016

The Andrews Labor Government is building a fourth train for the Albury line, to boost the reliability of services while it plans for the next generation of rolling stock for passengers in Victoria’s north east.

Minister for Public Transport Jacinta Allan joined Member for Northern Victoria Jaclyn Symes at the Downer Rail workshop in Melbourne today, where V/Line has started reconfiguring existing carriages to create a fourth train.

Currently, three five-carriage trains operate on the Albury line. This is the minimum required to run the three return services to Albury each day and means that if a train has to be pulled out of service, the only option is to put passengers on coaches.

The extra train will mean there is one in reserve if anything unexpected happens – boosting reliability for passengers.

On average there are around 330 seats per train and currently an average of 200 seats available on Albury-line services, so the reduction of carriages on each train will not affect the ability of passengers to get a seat.

The reconfiguration work currently underway will take a carriage off each of the three existing trains and add a new one to create four four-carriage trains.

V/Line has also already sourced and begun refurbishing a power van for the fourth train, which acts like a power supply generator for the fourth train, so it can have lighting, heating and cooling.

The significant upgrade is part of $15 million provided by the Labor Government in the Victorian Budget 2016-17.

The investment will also clean and repair the interior of the existing carriages, to make them more comfortable for passengers, and fund planning for the next generation of trains for the north east line.

The reconfigured trains will start service in the first half of 2017.

Quotes attributable to Minister for Public Transport Jacinta Allan

“We’re building a fourth train for the Albury line to boost reliability and it’s great to see work underway.”

“Reconfiguring the carriages will improve services for local passengers while we plan for next generation trains for the north east line.”

Quotes attributable to Member for Northern Victoria Jaclyn Symes

“I am looking forward to the introduction of the extra train to the North-East line that will deliver much needed improvements to the service and comfort for commuters.”

“We’ve sourced the power van, work has started on the carriage refurbishment, and next year the new train will be in service – we’re getting it done.”

This fourth train entered service in April 2017, complete with flashy new PTV branding.

N457 leads power van PCJ492 and carriage set SN8 on the up Albury service at Albion

But has anything really changed?

Or is it just Malibu Stacy, with the same problems as before, but with a new hat?


A few weeks after entering service, the brand new train was attacked by graffiti vandals.

Reconditioned V/Line trains have been targeted in a graffiti attack.

Services between Albury and Melbourne continued to run this week despite the carriages being vandalised with green, yellow, orange and black spray paint.

The 12.05pm Melbourne to Albury service was replaced by buses, and the 5.20pm Albury to Melbourne was also replaced by coaches on Friday, but a V/Line spokeswoman said that was not due to the graffiti.

The carriages will be taken out of service to be washed next week.

Wasn’t the point of creating a fourth train to allow for Albury services to keep running, even if another train is already in the workshops?

January 2018 update

Even with four locomotives V/Line still can’t provide a rail service to Albury.

V/Line confirmed 30 train services have been replaced by buses since Boxing Day.

“V/Line would like to apologise to Albury line passengers for the disruption to services over the past week,” a V/Line spokesperson said.

“All four locomotives that run on the Albury line have experienced unforeseen faults.

“Engineers are working as quickly as possible to repair the trains and we thank passengers for their patience while we work to return train services to normal.”

Two train services on Tuesday have already been cancelled and replaced by buses due to “maintenance requirements”.

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21 Responses to “V/Line’s fourth train for Albury – has anything changed?”

  1. Beren says:

    You aren’t just going to leave a spare train sitting around doing nothing. Also, why standard gauge? Why not duplicate the tracks dual gauge? That’s the problem. 4 trains which can only serve one line, but clog up the interstate track. Good idea.

    • Marcus Wong says:

      Plenty of empty trains sit around on the rail network ‘just in case’ – in Melbourne in peak they have two trains (with drivers!) parked at North Melbourne and Camberwell ready to jump into action in case of a breakdown elsewhere.

    • Marcus Wong says:

      At least two standard gauge tracks make more sense than parallel broad and standard gauge, but it doesn’t negate the fact that an isolated pool of trains is a PITA.

      Problem with dual gauge is the $$$ to install the 3rd rail, pointwork and signalling, and keep it maintained. In Victoria the main lengths of dual gauge is:
      – North Melbourne-Southern Cross
      – South Dynon-West Footscray
      – Brooklyn-Newport
      – North Geelong-Gheringhap

      The first two are dual gauge because of a lack of space for dedicated tracks, the latter two was because a single dual gauge track was cheaper than two separate ones.

  2. Sean Kelly says:

    Well written and said Marcus!

  3. Dark Knight says:

    Also questions to ask is the public funds that V/line used to purchase the ex Southern Aurora car NAM 2337 which was meant to be coverted into the power van for this “fourth” set which now sits on the ground at Newport Workshop project on hold indefinitely?

    NB: You don’t exactly pay someone to gutter the interior of a carriage, including removal of all windows if the sole intentions was to salvage the wheelset and undergear.

  4. Leigh says:

    If a train breaks down in Albury, the’re not going to send the backup train all the way from Melbourne, are they? Passengers will still have to take the bus.
    They might as well have used the money to refurbish other locomotive hauled trains. The roofs on the broad gauge n sets are rusting and the seats are stained and dirty. Albury trains also have better air cons than other lines. What makes the Albury Line so special?

    • Marcus Wong says:

      True there on the backup train – by the time it reaches Albury from Melbourne it’d already be hours late! At best it would allow a failed train to not result in *multiple* services being replaced by buses.

    • Marcus Wong says:

      I believe the PTV paintjob was the same level of refurbishment as the rest of the locomotive hauled fleet gets every few years: the current grey and red livery dates back to 2007, so it is no surprise that rusted roofs and worn seats are startign to appear.

  5. David S says:

    Re reliability, the rule of thumb appears to be 5% of fleet active spare, and 10% in rostered maintenance. Because you can’t have half a train (the carriage functions are all different) the numbers need to be rounded up at every step, so the minimum fleet size for >70% fleet utilisation is 7 trains/sets. 10 sets gives 80%, 11 sets drops to 72% because of the rounding up, but after that it appears to fluctuate between 76% and 86%.

    A better solution for Albury might be to allocate the additional ordered VLocity sets 3VL67-75; eight distinct sets, which would allow one spare stabled at Seymour, two in maintenance and five in use, forming two 6-car consists and the remaining 3 cars available for a low-capacity run, or perhaps Horsham. Or alternatively, one spare at Albury and another at Melbourne, to be used if and when required. That way if one of the sets is damaged it can be replaced on short notice and the train can still run.

    Of course that would mean additional capacity would be required on the Geelong and Ballarat lines (apparently the 3VLs are already preallocated there), but returning the current Albury stock to broad gauge and re-mixing it with the remaining loco-hauled fleet provides a higher threshold and could fix that problem.

    The current loco-hauled long-distance fleet comprises 76 vehicles in three categories – broad gauge 4-car x4, standard gauge 4-car x7, broad gauge 5-car x6 and two vehicles spare unallocated. Using the above formula (which may or may not be accurate), that fleet can only sustain 46 of 76 cars in use at any time; any use of the remainder on regularly-scheduled services reduces overall fleet reliability. If all the sets were identical then you’d be looking at 2 sets maintenance, 1 spare and 14 in service, but that isn’t practical because different sets are allocated to each roster.

    So let’s say you organise the fleet into 19x interchangeable 4-car sets with 16 of those in regular use. Or if necessary, separate the 1960’s Z cars and 1980’s N cars, with the latter as 14x 4-car sets (11 in use), and the former on restricted runs to make up the capacity withdrawn from Geelong to provide Albury services. Either way you’re likely to end up with a better outcome than current.

  6. Malcolm M says:

    An better long-term solution to the “round up” fleet availability problem would be for a fleet of variable-guage trains to service the routes currently serviced by the N-sets – Albury, Bairnsdale, Warrnambool, Swan Hill and Shepparton. Spanish rail engineers have already solved the guage problem with bogies that are variable between their legacy narrow guage network and their high speed standard guage routes, and have about 600 variable guage carriages in service. We could pay the Spanish to build the bogies, and we make the rest of the train. (I believe the Vlocity bogies are made in India). While these bogies would be more expensive than standard bogies, they would save on investments such as dual-guaging the Upfield line.

    There would be a lot of service advantages from variable-guage passenger trains
    – on the Albury line they could use the shorter double track broad guage via Upfield as far as Seymour, then change to the double track standard guage to Albury.
    – the current Ararat morning service could start at Horsham on the standard guage, then switch to broad guage at Ararat.
    – the equivalent morning Maryborough service could travel on standard guage as far as Ballarat, which would allow a simple guage change of the line rather than the current plans to dual-guage the line.

    • David S says:

      @Malcolm M – that’s actually not a bad idea.

      Say we applied that to our 25 N Class locos, 3x PCJ vans, 4x PH vans, 2x D vans, 20x Z cars and 56x N cars, I wonder what the cost would be?

      Some sort of fleet balancing would still be ideal, but perhaps not as critical.

      I’m not a fan of the use of the Upfield line for V/Line services; it has capacity but it really shouldn’t, because that represents wasted potential for electric services. That said, Wallan/Seymour/Shepparton services are likely to be diverted via Coburg for perhaps 5-10 years while the Southern Cross – Sunshine – Tullamarine – Wallan & clarkefield route is under construction, since the Essendon and Albion routes apparently won’t have capacity.

    • Marcus Wong says:

      Here is YouTube video showing the Talgo gauge changeover station in action:

      As well as a technical paper:

      I’m shocked by how fast the train is moving while the gauge conversion is completed – I’m guessing the only downside is the cost!

  7. […] returned in June 2011 but never in a dependable way, with a combination of poor track and failing rolling stock turning it a political […]

  8. […] This was replaced by a grey and white livery in 2007, and the current PTV livery in 2017. […]

  9. […] of V/Line services to Albury has stayed in the toilet , despite the addition of a third and even fourth train set to run the […]

  10. […] services eventually returned in 2011, but trains are frequently cancelled – the years since filled with attempts to fix the already deteriorating […]

  11. […] the end result left much to be desired – the service is as unreliable as ever, woth spare trains needing to be thrown at the service, more money needing to be sunk into the track , with brand new VLocity trains promised as a silver […]

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